Non-governmental organisations (NGOs) are a third research strand. An enduring set of questions concerns the models of development that NGOs embrace; just how different are these models in theory from dominant paradigms of development? Are NGOs capable of eliciting significant changes? And what happens to the ideals and values embraced by NGOs once they enter into relationships with other actors in development (such as governmental organisations and international financial institutions)?. Representative papers are “NGOs and Models of Development in India” and “Africa in the Rise of Rights-based Development.”

Since working with David Campbell and DJ Clark on the Imaging Famine project, I have become interested in the relationship between NGOs’ models of development (especially rights-based development) and their visual representations of the majority world. My main question is whether that relationship is inherently paradoxical, and if so why.

Representative papers are “Imaging Humanitarianism: NGO Identity and the Iconography of Childhood,” and “Imaging Vulnerability: the Iconography of Climate Change.”

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